[Federal Register: May 30, 2003 (Volume 68, Number 104)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
[Docket No. FMCSA-2003-15025]
Notice of Request for Clearance of a New Information Collection:
Truck Driver Fatigue Management Survey
AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT.
ACTION: Notice and request for comments.
SUMMARY: In accordance with the requirements in section 3506(c)(2)(A)
of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, this notice announces the
intention of the FMCSA to request the Office of Management and Budget
(OMB) to approve a new information collection to query unionized truck
drivers who operate commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) on overnight runs.
The agency intends to collect information from these truck drivers on
such issues as driver physical condition, amount of sleep, use of naps,
fatigue coping strategies, hours on duty, hours driving, and nature of
job. In addition, a sample of drivers will wear actigraphy watches to
monitor and obtain objective measures of their sleep/wake time.
DATES: Comments must be submitted on or before July 29, 2003.
ADDRESSES: All signed, written comments should refer to the docket
number that appears in the heading of this document and must be
submitted to the Docket Clerk, U.S. DOT Dockets, Room PL-401, 400
Seventh Street, SW., Washington, DC 20590-0001. All comments received
will be available for examination at the above address between 10 a.m.
to 5 p.m., e.t., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. Those
desiring notification of receipt of comments must include a self-
addressed, stamped postcard or envelope.
An electronic copy of this document may be downloaded using the
Internet at the Office of the Federal Register's Home page at: http://www.nara.gov/fedreg
and the Government Printing Office's database at:
http://www.access.gpo.gov/nara. For Internet users, all comments
received will be available for examination at the universal source
location: http://dms.dot.gov. Please follow the instructions on-line
for additional information and guidance.
Anyone is able to search the electronic form of all comments
received into any of our dockets by the name of the individual
submitting the comment (or signing the comment, if submitted on behalf
of an association, business, labor union, etc.). You may review DOT's
complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published on
April 11, 2000 (Volume 65, Number 70; Pages 19477-78) or you may visit
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr. Robert Carroll, Transportation
Specialist, (202) 385-2388, Research Division, Office of Research and
Technology, Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, 600 Virginia
Avenue, SW., Suite 600, Washington, DC 20024. Office hours are from
7:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., e.t., Monday through Friday, except Federal
Title: Truck Driver Fatigue Management Survey.
Background: The Senate Report 107-38 (Committee Report), and the
House of Representatives Report 107-308 (Conference Report) of the
Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Bill,
2002 (Pub. L. 107-87) (December 18, 2001), specifically
requires the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), now the FMCSA, to
conduct a Truck Drivers' Fatigue Management Survey, within the funds
provided, with an organization representing unionized motor carriers in
cooperation with their labor organization. The Committee included
$400,000 for a study to determine the fatigue management techniques
used by truck drivers operating CMVs during overnight runs.
Truck driver fatigue, as well as techniques to manage it, has been
a research and regulatory priority in the U.S. and Canada for the last
decade. For instance, both U.S. and Canadian drivers participated in
the Driver Fatigue and Alertness Study conducted by the FHWA and
Transport Canada in the 1990s, as well as the current jointly funded
study, the Fatigue Management Technologies Pilot Test. In addition,
Transport Canada forwarded a recommended National Safety Code, Standard
9--Hours-of-Service, to the Council of Transportation
Ministers in September 2002. Finally, on April 28, 2003, the FMCSA
published a revised Hours-of-Service of Drivers Final Rule in the
Federal Register (68 FR 22456).
Congress has been particularly interested in the truck driver
fatigue issue and has directed the FMCSA to conduct numerous studies--
including those mentioned above--on various aspects of the problem.
Most recently, in the Senate Appropriations Committee mark-up of the
Fiscal year 2002 DOT Appropriations Bill, FMCSA was directed to conduct
``a study to determine the fatigue management techniques used by truck
drivers during overnight operations with an organization representing
unionized motor carriers in cooperation with their labor
organization.'' In recognition of congressional intent, a Pre-
solicitation Notice was published in the Federal Register on July 1,
2002, describing the anticipated sole-source award to the Motor Freight
Carriers Association (MFCA), and on September 30, 2002, FMCSA awarded
the MFCA a contract to conduct a Truck Driver Fatigue Management Study.
Recent research has underscored the overwhelming influence of time
of day on truck driver alertness. But, the same research has shown that
there are significant individual differences in alertness during night
driving, even when drivers have adequate sleep. Yet, the trucking
industry must operate 24 hours a day in order to meet customer demands.
In addition, the highways are least congested between midnight and 6
a.m. One segment--the unionized less-than-truckload (LTL)--has a long
history of safe operations at night. Indeed, most of its over-the-road
operations occur at night. A major reason for the exemplary safety
record of MFCA companies is the professionalism of the Teamster's Union
drivers they employ--more than 8,000 of the 42,000 drivers have at
least one million accident-free driving miles with the same company.
This truck driver workforce offers a tremendous untapped source of
knowledge about techniques and lifestyle practices that are used to
manage fatigue during night operations.
Specifically, the study will randomly survey Teamster drivers in
MFCA companies who regularly operate on overnight runs. The survey will
collect detailed information on such items as the nature of their job,
what helps them cope, what are the challenges, how much and how long
they sleep, their physical condition, the use of naps, and the impact
of other road users on their alertness. A control group of Teamster
drivers without one million accident free driving miles will also be
surveyed. A sample of drivers will be studied prospectively using
unobtrusive, objective wrist actigraphy watches to confirm the sleep-
wake behaviors identified in the survey as being most likely to
mitigate fatigue and maintain alertness during nighttime operations.
Respondents: The respondents to the planned survey will include
approximately 2,000 selected motor carrier truck drivers of CMVs.
Average Burden Per Response: The estimated average burden per
response is 30 minutes. This includes time needed for reading survey
instructions, searching existing data sources, completing the survey
instrument and returning the information by mail.
Estimated Total Annual Burden: The estimated total annual burden is
Frequency: The survey will be conducted once.
Public Comments Invited
Interested parties are invited to send comments regarding any
aspect of this information collection, including, but not limited to:
(1) The necessity and utility of the information collection for the
proper performance of the functions of the FMCSA; (2) the accuracy of
the estimated burden; (3) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and
clarity of the collected information; and (4) ways to minimize the
collection burden without reducing the quality of the collected
information. Comments submitted in response to this notice will be
summarized and/or included in the request for OMB clearance of this
Authority: 49 U.S.C. 31136, 31301 et seq., and 31502; Pub. L.
107-87, 115 Stat. 833 and 49 CFR 1.73.
Issued on: May 22, 2003.
Annette M. Sandberg,
[FR Doc. 03-13488 Filed 5-29-03; 8:45 am]