Technical Report Documentation Page
1. Report No.
2. Government Accession No.
3. Recipient's Catalog No.
4. Title and Subtitle
Vehicle Data Recorders
5. Report Date
6. Performing Organization Code
Robert M. Kreeb 1, Brian T. Nicosia 1
8. Performing Organization Report No.
9. Performing Organization Name and Address
1 Booz Allen Hamilton Inc., McLean, Virginia
10. Work Unit No. (TRAIS)
11. Contract or Grant No.
DTFH61-99-C-00025, Task Order 7
12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
Office of Bus and Truck Standards and Operations (MC-PSV)
400 7 th Street, SW
Washington , DC 20590-0001
13. Type of Report and Period Covered
Final Project Report, July 2002-August 2005
14. Sponsoring Agency Code
15. Supplementary Notes
Contracting Officer's Technical Representative: Deborah M. Freund
The primary objective of this project was to explore the potential for the development of cost-effective vehicle data recorder (VDR) solutions tailored to varied applications or market segments. Many of the technologies currently in the marketplace or emerging in the industry can or will be able to perform both data logging to improve operational efficiency and traditional event data recorder (EDR) functions-providing benefits in a wide array of applications. Early in this project, the aim was to explore both of these potential benefit scenarios. Through consultation with the FMCSA and NHTSA, the term "vehicle data recorder" (VDR) was selected as a way to streamline the discussion of technologies that perform one or both of these functions. Through a combination of technical research and analysis, including business-related cost-benefit assessment, potential VDR configurations ranging from fundamental to comprehensive were explored.
The following VDR concepts were developed:
Concept 1. A low-cost event-triggered data recorder for recording baseline accident data
Concept 2. A more advanced event-triggered data recorder incorporating advanced sensor technologies
Concept 3. A baseline continuous data recorder that records maintenance and operational data meant to improve fleet operations
Concept 4. An advanced continuous data recorder that includes additional driver-monitoring parameters
Concept 5. A "full-featured" VDR that might include accident data and operational-efficiency data.
In general, both VDR and event data recorder (EDR) devices will benefit the commercial vehicle industry and society as a whole, but these benefits will likely be spread across three primary stakeholder groups: (1) benefits to fleets, (2) benefits to OEMs, and (3) benefits to the public sector.
Benefits for fleets will primarily focus on improving operational efficiency and reducing operational costs. Benefits for OEMs will likely come from reducing liability costs and improving vehicle designs and safety. Benefits for public-sector stakeholders-such as transportation agencies, law enforcement, and the general public-will likely include improved vehicle safety; fewer crashes, injuries, and fatalities; and improved inspection capabilities.
17. Key Word
Commercial motor vehicles, event data recorders, onboard recorders, vehicle data loggers
18. Distribution Statement
19. Security Classif. (of this report)
20. Security Classif. (of this page)
21. No. of Pages