This chapter contains information on drivers of large trucks in fatal,
injury, and property damage only crashes and on people killed or injured
in large truck crashes. Some statistics are also listed for passenger vehicle
drivers in order to make comparisons. It is important to note that the
number of large truck drivers in crashes is not exactly equal to the number
of large trucks in crashes, because no driver information is provided for
some crashes. Below is a summary of some of the information in this section:
Fatalities in crashes involving large trucks made up 10 percent of all
fatalities in motor vehicle crashes in 2009.
Persons injured in large truck crashes made up 3 percent of all persons
injured in motor vehicle crashes in 2009.
Of the 3,187 drivers of large trucks involved in fatal crashes, 127 (4
percent) were 25 years of age or younger, and 163 (5 percent) were 66 years
of age or older. In comparison, 27 (12 percent) of the 221 drivers of buses
in fatal crashes were 25 years of age or younger, and 16 (7 percent) were
66 years of age or older.
About 3 percent of all the drivers of large trucks involved in fatal crashes
were female, as compared with 39 percent of all drivers of buses involved
in fatal crashes.
Of the 3,187 drivers of large trucks involved in fatal crashes, 350 (11
percent) were not wearing a safety belt at the time of the crash; of those,
27 percent were completely or partially ejected from the vehicle.
One or more driver-related factors were recorded for 60 percent of the
drivers of large trucks involved in single-vehicle fatal crashes but for
only 24 percent of the drivers of large trucks involved in multiple-vehicle
fatal crashes. In comparison, at least one driver-related factor was recorded
for 77 percent of the drivers of passenger vehicles (cars, vans, pickup
trucks, and sport utility vehicles) involved in single-vehicle crashes
and 51 percent of the passenger vehicle drivers in multiple-vehicle crashes.
Speeding and failure to keep in the proper lane were the two driver-related
factors most often coded for both vehicle types.